Glossary

Action

  • Action (verb):
    • ➯ A verb is the most relevant lexeme in a group of words or a sentence which is used to denote an action — this hypothesis for this preliminary of hermeneutics of action was made following my reading on the philosophy of action and the pragmatics1. A verb (@xml:id="action") belongs to a category (= <category>: TAXO) and sub-category (= <category>: subTAXO).
    • XML-TEI:
      <taxonomy xml:id="primaryData" ana="taxonomies"> 
          <category xml:id="action"/> 
      </taxonomy>     

Being

  • Being (= animated entity):
    • ➯ any character acting within one or several relevant objective and subjective variables.
    • XML-TEI attribute for Primary data Being:
      <taxonomy xml:id="primaryData" ana="taxonomies"> 
         <category xml:id="Being"/>   
      </taxonomy>       

Consequence

  • Consequence
    • ➯ how is the AE affected by the action?
    • Subcategories <category>@xml:id: affects AE (subject), affect AE (subject) and other, affect other AE(s).
    • XML-TEI example:
      <category xml:id="consequence" ana="subjectiveVar">
          <category xml:id="affectEntity"/>
      </category>       

Context

  • Context
    • ➯ in which the action takes place.
    • Subcategories <category>@xml:id — non-exhaustive listing: assembly, battle, burial, care (can be used with another context), feast, hunting, landscaping project, lawsuit, maintenance, ritual, single combat, trade, visit, wedding, unknown (unknown_C), broken context (B_ctx_C).
    • XML-TEI example:
      <category xml:id="context" ana="#objectiveVar">
          <category xml:id="ritual"/>
      </category> 

Degree of desire

  • Degree of desire
    • ➯ What is the action tendency?
    • Subcategories <category>@xml:id: from one to five (number_dD), and unknown (unknown_dD), broken context (B_ctx_dD)
    • XML-TEI example:
      <category xml:id="degreeDesire" ana="subjectiveVar">
         <category xml:id="two_dD"/>
      </category>        

Emotion

  • Emotion
    • ➯ what kind of emotion (affectivity in philosophy of action) and its intenstity?
    • Subcategories (26) from FSRE categories (24: anger, anxiety, being hurt, compassion, contempt, contentment, despair, disappointment, disgust, fear, guilt, happiness, hate, interest, irritation, jealousy, joy, love, pleasure, pride, sadness, shame, stress, surprise), to which I add satisfaction (from OCC categories) and discouragement.
      • hasEmotionIntensity <category>@xml:id: feeble, medium, normal, hight, very hight (equals a numerical value from 1 to 5)
    • XML-TEI example:
      <category xml:id="EmotionCategory" ana="subjectiveVar">
          <category xml:id="rage"/>
          <category xml:id="hasEmotionIntensity" ana="EmotionCategory">
              <category xml:id="medium"/>
          </category>  
      </category>        

Genetic sex

  • Genetic sex
    • ➯ traditionally known (or assumed by tradition).
    • Subcategories <category>@xml:id: Female, Male, unknown
    • XML-TEI example:
      <category xml:id="Genetic-sex" ana="#objectiveVar">
          <category xml:id="Female"/>
      <category/>

Result

  • Result
    • ➯ result of the action.
    • Subcategories <category>@xml:id — non-exhaustive listing: death of the Opponent (death_ofOpponent), Injury of the opponent (injury_ofOpponent), trauma, defeate of the opposition (defeate_ofOpposition), deportation, regaining strength (regainingStrength), take over the throne (take_overThrone), unknown (unknown_R), broken context (B_ctx_R).
    • Note: the result can be seen in the lines following the current action; an explaination is given within <note>, and referenced to @ana. Example within interpretation
    • XML-TEI example:
      <category xml:id="result" ana="#objectiveVar">
          <category xml:id="death_ofOpponent"/>
      </category> 

Role

  • Role
    • ➯ of the animated entity (= Being)
    • Subcategories <category>@xml:id: active, passive, both Active (animated entities X and Y)
    • XML-TEI example:
      <category xml:id="role" ana="#objectiveVar">
          <category xml:id="active"/>
      <category/>      

Sphere

  • Sphere
    • ➯ where the event takes place, inside or outside the household.
    • Subcategories <category>@xml:id: inside, outside, unknown (unknown_S), broken context (B_ctx_S).
    • XMT-TEI example:
      <category xml:id="sphere" ana="#objectiveVar">
          <category xml:id="inside"/>
      </category>

subTaxo

  • Subcategories (still under development as the transciption moves forward), <category>[2], @xml:id subTAXO: i.e. attaching (for TAXO verb contact)
    • with equivalence of a referenced subcategory within transcription, <category>[3] ➞ <equiv> , @xml:id verb's “infinitive” form

Taxo

  • Category <category>[1] ➞ @xml:id TAXO: verb.contact
    • Subcategories (still under development as the transciption moves forward), <category>[2], @xml:id subTAXO: i.e. attaching (for TAXO verb contact)
      • with equivalence of a referenced subcategory within transcription, <category>[3] ➞ <equiv> , @xml:id verb's “infinitive” form
    • XLM-TEI example:
      <category xml:id="verb.category" ana="#objectiveVar #action">
        <catDesc xml:lang="en">According to WordNet lexical database</catDesc>
        <!-- example -->
        <category n="6" xml:id="verb.contact" ana="#verb.category #action">
          <catDesc>taxonomy: verbs of contact (WordNet[35])</catDesc>
           <category n="1" xml:id="attaching" ana="#verb.contact"> 
             <catDesc>subcategory of contact's verb: attaching (according to FrameNet) — 
               see <ref target="http://babelnet.org">BabelNet<idno type="URI">http://live.babelnet.org/synset?word=bn:00083498v</idno></ref>,
               <ref target="https://framenet2.icsi.berkeley.edu/">FrameNet<idno type="https://framenet2.icsi.berkeley.edu/fnReports/data/frameIndex.xml?frame=Attaching"></idno></ref>,
               and <ref target="http://wordnetweb.princeton.edu">WordNet<idno type="URI">https://tinyurl.com/mpt6vka</idno> (<note>WordNet URI not conformed for "idno" element</note>)</ref> 
             </catDesc> 
           <category ana="#transcription" xml:lang="uga">
            <equiv n="1" xml:id="ʿtk"/> <!-- within transcription, i.e.: <w type="verb" ana="#ʿtk #verb.contact #attaching #ANT" xml:id="ktu1-3_ii_l11b-12a_ʿtkt">ʿtkt</w> -->
            <equiv n="2" xml:id="šns"/> <!-- within transcription, i.e.: <w type="verb" ana="#šns #verb.contact #attaching #ANT" xml:id="ktu1-3_ii_l12b-13a_šnst">šnst</w> -->                              
            […]
           </category>
          </category>
       […]
      </category>             

Semantics category

  • Verb category (= action category)
    • For the semantic type of the lexicon verb — semantics categories are the ones used by the lexical database WordNet, semantics correspondance come from both WordNet and VerbNet and for checking the relation between concept, BabelNet and FrameNet2. It goes without saying that variation of ugaritic meaning will be analyzed within the hermeneutics argumentation3.

      • Semantics categories of: bodily functions and care (verb.body), cognition (verb.cognition), communication (verb.communication), competition (verb.competition), consumpution (verb.consumpution), contact (verb.contact), creation (verb.creation), emotion (verb.emotion), motion (verb.motion),perception (verb.perception), possession (verb.possession), social (verb.social), stative (verb.stative)
    • Category <category>[1] ➞ @xml:id TAXO: verb.contact
      • Subcategories (still under development as the transciption moves forward), <category>[2], @xml:id subTAXO: i.e. attaching (for TAXO verb contact)
        • with equivalence of a referenced subcategory within transcription, <category>[3] ➞ <equiv> , @xml:id verb's “infinitive” form
      • XLM-TEI example:
        <category xml:id="verb.category" ana="#objectiveVar #action">
          <catDesc xml:lang="en">According to WordNet lexical database</catDesc>
          <!-- example -->
          <category n="6" xml:id="verb.contact" ana="#verb.category #action">
            <catDesc>taxonomy: verbs of contact (WordNet[35])</catDesc>
             <category n="1" xml:id="attaching" ana="#verb.contact"> 
               <catDesc>subcategory of contact's verb: attaching (according to FrameNet) — 
                 see <ref target="http://babelnet.org">BabelNet<idno type="URI">http://live.babelnet.org/synset?word=bn:00083498v</idno></ref>,
                 <ref target="https://framenet2.icsi.berkeley.edu/">FrameNet<idno type="https://framenet2.icsi.berkeley.edu/fnReports/data/frameIndex.xml?frame=Attaching"></idno></ref>,
                 and <ref target="http://wordnetweb.princeton.edu">WordNet<idno type="URI">https://tinyurl.com/mpt6vka</idno> (<note>WordNet URI not conformed for "idno" element</note>)</ref> 
               </catDesc> 
             <category ana="#transcription" xml:lang="uga">
              <equiv n="1" xml:id="ʿtk"/> <!-- within transcription, i.e.: <w type="verb" ana="#ʿtk #verb.contact #attaching #ANT" xml:id="ktu1-3_ii_l11b-12a_ʿtkt">ʿtkt</w> -->
              <equiv n="2" xml:id="šns"/> <!-- within transcription, i.e.: <w type="verb" ana="#šns #verb.contact #attaching #ANT" xml:id="ktu1-3_ii_l12b-13a_šnst">šnst</w> -->                              
              […]
             </category>
            </category>
         […]
        </category>             

Voluntary intentionality

  • Voluntary intentionality
    • ➯ What type of voluntary intentionality (one or two subcategories can be used according to context), and what motivation?
    • Subcategories <category>@xml:id — non-exhaustive listing: to advocate, to blame, to build, to buy, to claim, to clean, to care for, to complain, to cure, to defense in court, to destroy, to feed, to fight, to give birth, to kill, to make love, to negociate, to perform a ritual, to pray, to protect, to revenge, to sentence, to sell, to threaten.
      • What motivation: pressure or free will.
    • XML-TEI example:
      <category xml:id="voluntaryIntent" ana="subjectiveVar">
         <category xml:id="toKill"/>
         <category xml:id="motivation_vI">
            <category xml:id="free"/>
         </category> 
      </category>          
1 a detailed explanation will be given in a forthcoming paper by November 2017.
2 Of course, the interpretation of their content in the current guidelines relies on my own responsibility.
3 A specific dictionary of semantics for ancient Near Eastern languages is under development in xml-tei, with Ugaritic language for the experimental development